Infertility or infertility is often an important issue for many married couples. One of the problems that causes infertility is sperm.
Now scientists are discovering a completely new structure of sperm, which may be responsible for infertility, miscarriage, and birth defects. According to a report published in the journal Nature Communications, the structure is centriol.
Researchers from the University of Toledo, USA found there was an extra setriol inside the sperm that had some strange properties. 1 For information, centriol is a cytoplasmic structure that helps cell division. Sentriol is needed to create a fetus after the sperm meets the egg. Previously, the growing theory states that sperm have only one centriol and reproduce themselves after entering the egg.
“Because the mother’s egg does not give centrioles, and the father’s sperm has only one centriol that is recognizable, we want to know where the second centriol in the zygote originated,”
said Tomer Avidor-Reiss, professor in the Department of Biology at the University of Toledo, quoted by Science Alert, Monday (11/06/2018).
“It was ignored in the past because the second centriol is completely different from the known centrioles in terms of protein structure and composition,”
However, instead of duplicating centriol in sperm, the second centriol does exist. It’s just that the structure is so strange that scientists do not notice it. This additional centriol was then referred to by researchers as an atypical centrifuge. Summarized from Mens Health on Friday (08/06/2018), the centriol contains a set of unknown proteins for use in egg fertilization.
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“Abnormalities in the formation and function of atypical centrioles may be an unknown root cause of steroids, especially in couples with no choice of involvement,” Avidor-Reiss said. “It may also have a role in early pregnancy loss (miscarriage) and embryonic developmental defects,” he continued.
Unfortunately, the estimate of this component as the person in charge of infertility has not really been confirmed. To that end, this team plans to conduct additional research. “We are working with the Urology Department at Toledo University Medical Center to study the clinical implications of atypical centrifuges to find out if they are related to infertility and sterility,” Avidor-Reiss said.