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What is Rhematoid Arthritis ?

March 1, 2017 - orthopedic
What is Rhematoid Arthritis ?

Rheumatoid arthritis, or rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammation of the joints that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints (eg, ankle joints and hands).

Over time, this inflammation can destroy joint tissue and bone structure. The effect of these conditions will limit daily activities, such as difficult to walk and use his hands.

Although parts of the body most commonly affected by rheumatoid arthritis is on the legs and hands, the disease can also infect other body parts, such as the eyes, lungs, blood vessels, and skin.

Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the immune system attacks your own body tissues. The disease is more commonly suffered by women, especially over 40 years. However, this does not rule out the possibility of men and anyone outside that age affected by the disease.

Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis in each person is different and can change over time, but symptoms often occur in the joints is stiffness, redness, swollen, warm and painful.

Rheumatoid arthritis should be treated as if the disease worsens, symptoms may spread to other body parts and causing the joints to shift or even change shape.

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The cause of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by the immune system that is supposed to fight infections, but rather attack the normal cells in the joints and make joint pain, swelling, and stiffness.
Although the reason why the immune system mistakenly attacks the body in rheumatoid arthritis is still unknown, there are several factors that can increase the risk, such as age, hormones, genetics, environment, obesity and smoking.

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Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis with several other diseases, it is difficult to diagnose in the early stages of rheumatoid arthritis.
There are several tests that can help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis, namely physical examination, blood tests, and X-ray scanning.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis could only perform basic maintenance such as changing lifestyle patterns because until now there is still no cure for rheumatoid arthritis in total, but with proper care, deployment and inflammation can be inhibited.
Treatments that can be done is to do therapy and long-term treatment to prevent the development and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. If treatment with therapy and medication is not effective, then surgery to correct joint problems can be done.

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Complications of Rheumatoid Arthritis

There are some possible complications that can occur if rheumatoid arthritis is not handled properly, such as inflammation of the blood vessels, eyes, heart, and lungs, damage to the joint and carpal tunnel syndrome. Rheumatoid arthritis increases the risk of heart attack stroke. expand

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