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what is autoimune ?

March 1, 2017 - intern
what is autoimune ?

Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system attacks healthy cells in the body. In fact, the immune system is supposed to be a bulwark for the body in the face of illness.

Immune disorders can have an impact on a lot of parts of a person’s body. Because of the number, there were 80 types of autoimmune diseases with most of the same symptoms. This makes it difficult to know if a person suffering from this disorder or not and the type of which. Despite having many species, the cause of autoimmune diseases is still uncertain.

Autoimmune diseases Most Often Seen
Among the many types of autoimmune disease, several autoimmune diseases below is that often encountered.

If left untreated, the disease will cause permanent damage to the joints. To prevent it from deteriorating, rheumatid arthritis sufferers will usually be given oral or injectable medication that serves to reduce the aggressiveness of the immune system.

 

Some parts of the body most often attacked are the joints, lungs, kidney, and nerve tissue. To treat lupus, doctors usually prescribe steroid drinking to lower immune function.

This leads to disruption of insulin production so that the body can not control blood sugar levels. If this is not stopped, then the risk of incurring damage to the body, such as kidney failure, blindness, stroke, heart disease, or problems related to blood circulation in the body. To treat it, the patient will be given an injection of insulin. In addition, they are required for monitoring blood sugar levels, consumption of a healthy diet, and regular exercise.

Some of the symptoms of this disease include pain, blindness, impaired coordination, and muscle spasms. Other symptoms that may occur are tremors, numbness, extreme, paralysis, difficulty speaking, or difficulty walking. To treat it, certain drugs can be used to suppress the immune system. Physical or occupational therapy can be done to help MS patients can perform daily activities.

To treat it, the patient will likely be given a radioactive iodine pill. It is used to kill the cells of the thyroid gland is overactive. Patients may also be given anti-thyroid drugs. Although rare, this disease may need a surgical procedure.

Some Autoimmune Disease Risk Factors Affected

So far the cause of autoimmune diseases is unknown. However, there are several factors that lead to a person’s risk of suffering from an autoimmune disease. Some of the things below could make the person at risk of contracting an autoimmune disease.

  1. Environment
    Environmental factors is considered an important thing why a person may have an autoimmune disease. Environmental factors include exposure to certain materials such as mercury.
  2. hormonal changes
    Some autoimmune disease often affects women after childbirth. This led to the assumption that the presence of an autoimmune disease associated with hormonal changes, such as during pregnancy, childbirth, or menopause.
  3. Infection
    Some autoimmune diseases related disorders are often associated with the occurrence of infection. This is reasonable because most of the symptoms are exacerbated by certain infections.
  4. Genetic or hereditary
    The greatest risk associated autoimmune disease that is predicted to experts is genetic. However, this factor is considered to be not the only one that can trigger immune reactions.

Although autoimmune disease is still unknown causes, but we can be aware of yourself by paying attention to risk factors. Immediately consult a doctor if experiencing symptoms related to diseases above. The sooner we discover, the more likely it is to be cured.

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