Autoimmune diseases occur when the immune system attacks healthy cells in the body. In fact, the immune system is supposed to be a bulwark for the body in the face of illness.
Immune disorders can have an impact on a lot of parts of a person’s body. Because of the number, there were 80 types of autoimmune diseases with most of the same symptoms. This makes it difficult to know if a person suffering from this disorder or not and the type of which. Despite having many species, the cause of autoimmune diseases is still uncertain.
Autoimmune diseases Most Often Seen
Among the many types of autoimmune disease, several autoimmune diseases below is that often encountered.
- rheumatoid arthritis
Alias arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that is often encountered. The immune system produces antibodies that attack the lining of the joint. As a result of this kind of antibody attack is inflammation, swelling, and pain.
If left untreated, the disease will cause permanent damage to the joints. To prevent it from deteriorating, rheumatid arthritis sufferers will usually be given oral or injectable medication that serves to reduce the aggressiveness of the immune system.
An autoimmune disease that often we hear others are systemic lupus erythematosus or lupus we call the course. This disease causes a person to develop antibodies that actually affects nearly all tissues throughout the body.
Some parts of the body most often attacked are the joints, lungs, kidney, and nerve tissue. To treat lupus, doctors usually prescribe steroid drinking to lower immune function.
- Type-1 diabetes
This disease usually be diagnosed since childhood or early adulthood. Diabetes type 1 is caused by the body’s immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that has the task of producing insulin.
This leads to disruption of insulin production so that the body can not control blood sugar levels. If this is not stopped, then the risk of incurring damage to the body, such as kidney failure, blindness, stroke, heart disease, or problems related to blood circulation in the body. To treat it, the patient will be given an injection of insulin. In addition, they are required for monitoring blood sugar levels, consumption of a healthy diet, and regular exercise.
- Multiple sclerosis (MS).
At the time of a person’s immune system attacks the nerve cells themselves, some of the symptoms of the terrible risk of appearing as a result. The disease is commonly called a multiple sclerosis aka MS.
Some of the symptoms of this disease include pain, blindness, impaired coordination, and muscle spasms. Other symptoms that may occur are tremors, numbness, extreme, paralysis, difficulty speaking, or difficulty walking. To treat it, certain drugs can be used to suppress the immune system. Physical or occupational therapy can be done to help MS patients can perform daily activities.
- Graves’ disease
It is an autoimmune disease that causes the thyroid gland becomes overactive. Those who suffer from this disease is likely to experience a variety of symptoms that can interfere with daily activities. Insomnia, easily ignited emotions, weight loss for no reason, and protruding eyes are some symptoms. Other symptoms that may arise is too sensitive to heat, muscle weakness, tremors (shaking hands), and menstrual periods are short.
To treat it, the patient will likely be given a radioactive iodine pill. It is used to kill the cells of the thyroid gland is overactive. Patients may also be given anti-thyroid drugs. Although rare, this disease may need a surgical procedure.
Psoriasis is a condition of too active immune system that causes the skin to experience chronic conditions. This condition is caused by one of blood cells in the immune system is overactive, the T-cells. The coming together of T-cells in the skin causes stimulation of the skin to reproduce faster than it should. Moreover, it could cause silvery and scaly skin. To handle it, can use steroid creams, light therapy, or oral medication.
Some Autoimmune Disease Risk Factors Affected
So far the cause of autoimmune diseases is unknown. However, there are several factors that lead to a person’s risk of suffering from an autoimmune disease. Some of the things below could make the person at risk of contracting an autoimmune disease.
Environmental factors is considered an important thing why a person may have an autoimmune disease. Environmental factors include exposure to certain materials such as mercury.
- hormonal changes
Some autoimmune disease often affects women after childbirth. This led to the assumption that the presence of an autoimmune disease associated with hormonal changes, such as during pregnancy, childbirth, or menopause.
Some autoimmune diseases related disorders are often associated with the occurrence of infection. This is reasonable because most of the symptoms are exacerbated by certain infections.
- Genetic or hereditary
The greatest risk associated autoimmune disease that is predicted to experts is genetic. However, this factor is considered to be not the only one that can trigger immune reactions.
Although autoimmune disease is still unknown causes, but we can be aware of yourself by paying attention to risk factors. Immediately consult a doctor if experiencing symptoms related to diseases above. The sooner we discover, the more likely it is to be cured.