The heart is an organ that is very important for human survival, if the organ is not functioning then people will not be able to survive, so it’s important keep the heart from an early age. On this occasion the admin will provide little understanding of the heart swelling and heart swelling characteristics.
In medical terms, heart swelling also called as Cardiomegaly, Cardiomegaly itself is a change in the size of a normal heart to become more dilated or swollen, heart swelling is often in the causes for the loosening of the heart muscle so that the volume of the heart chambers are larger and causes thickening of the heart muscle.
The characteristics of Heart Swelling
- The pain of other parts of the body such as the shoulders, neck, back, elbow
- Swelling in their particular body part is usually the legs or abdomen
- Always feel nausea, decreased appetite, burning sensation in the chest
- In women / men often feel pain in the right hand and arm
- Experiencing symptoms of coughing that continue / recur and often
- Often feel pain after activity run, up / down stairs
- Frequent dizziness that is not so unconscious terahankan
- The pain and inflammation at the back of the sternum
- Chest pain like crumpled common
- If the excessive activity will experience shortness of breath
- Irregular breath so easily tired and exhausted
- Experiencing irregular heartbeats and palpitations
Heart swelling arising from the response to damage to the heart muscle. There are two kinds of problems in this respect, the first heart swelling caused by the loosening of the heart muscle so that the heart chamber volume becomes larger or also called dilated cardiomegaly and the second due to a thickening of the heart muscle or called hypertrophy. Dilated cardiomyopathy (heart muscle thinning) are the main types of cardiomegaly. In dilated cardiomyopathy, the walls of both left and right sides of the heart (ventricles) become thin and stretched. The result is the enlargement of the heart. While on cardiomegaly hypertrophy, left ventricular heart muscle becomes thickened. It is most often caused by high blood pressure (hypertension), which causes the left ventricle enlargement (hypertrophy).
In general, the ability of the heart to pump better on cardiomegaly “thick” (Hypertrophic) than the “thin” (Dilated).
Cause Heart Heart Swelling
Swelling can be caused by a condition that causes the heart to pump harder than normal or that damage the heart muscle. However, sometimes the heart is enlarged and weakened for reasons unknown (idiopathic). Following a cardiac cause swelling which has been known until today:
- High blood pressure.
High blood pressure makes the heart pump harder to meet the blood flow throughout the body, if it lasts longer then the heart will enlarge itself with thickening of the heart muscle. Hypertension can cause the left ventricle enlarges, eventually causes the heart muscle to weaken. High blood pressure also can enlarge the upper chamber of the heart (atria).
- Heart valve disease.
Four valves in the heart keep the blood flowing in the right direction. If the valve is damaged by conditions such as rheumatic fever, heart defects, infections (infectious endocarditis), connective tissue disorders, certain medications or radiation treatments for cancer, it can cause the heart to enlarge.
- Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy).
When the heart muscle thickening and stiffness develops, then the heart will swell in its efforts to pump more blood to the body.
- Pulmonary hypertension.
High blood pressure in the arteries connecting the heart and lungs. Once the heart has to pump harder to move blood between the lungs and the heart. As a result, the right ventricle can be enlarged.
- Less red blood (anemia).
Anemia is a condition in which there are no cells of healthy red blood to carry oxygen are sufficient and adequate to the network. Untreated chronic anemia can cause rapid heartbeat or irregular. This occurs because the heart has to pump more blood to make up for the lack of oxygen in the blood.
- Thyroid disorders.
Thyroid problems on either an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) or an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) can cause heart problems, including swelling of the heart.
A rare disease that can affect the heart, a condition in which abnormal proteins circulating in the blood and can be stored in the heart, disrupt heart function and cause it to swell.
There are a few tips to resolve swelling heart, although it is difficult to be able to cure it. Doctors recommend lifestyle changes to improve your condition as follows:
- Stop smoking.
- Lose excess weight.
- Limit the amount of salt in food.
- Control diabetes if present.
- Monitoring blood pressure regularly.
- Avoid alcohol and caffeine.
- Rest enough to sleep eight hours every night.
- Doing exercises or by simple exercise as recommended by your doctor.
In addition, also observe the treatment of heart swollen given by doctors who typically include:
- Diuretics. This swelling heart medication serves to lower the amount of sodium and water in the body, so it can lower blood pressure and reduce the burden on the heart.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. for lowering blood pressure and improving the heart’s ability to pump.
- Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). to provide benefits such as ACE inhibitors for those who can not take ACE inhibitors eg due to allergies.
- Beta blockers to lower blood pressure and improve heart function.
- Digoxin. Drugs that can help improve the pumping function of the heart.
- Anticoagulants to reduce the risk of blood clots that can cause heart attack or stroke