AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is a disease caused as a result of breeding the virus HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) in the human body, where it attacks the white blood cells (CD4 cells), resulting in damage to the immune system. The loss or reduction in body resistance is easy to make the patient infected with various diseases including even mild illness.
The HIV virus attacks the CD4 cells and making it a breeding ground for new HIV virus, then destroying it so it can not be used anymore. As we know, that the white blood cells is indispensable for the immune system. Without immunity then when our bodies are attacked by the disease, our bodies are weak and do not try to fight an outbreak of the disease and consequently we may die even if exposed to influenza or the common cold.
When the human body is exposed to the HIV virus does not directly cause or suffer from AIDS, but it takes quite a long time and even years for HIV to cause AIDS or HIV positive are deadly.
Mode of transmission of HIV AIDS virus:
- Through the blood. for example; Blood transfusion, blood exposed to HIV + on the injured skin, syringes, etc.
- Through semen, semen (sperm or semen Men). For example; Male sex with a partner without using condoms or other safeguards, oral sex, etc.
- Through the vaginal fluid in women. For example; Women who have intercourse without a safety, borrowing and lending of sex aids, oral sex, etc.
- Through Mother’s Milk (ASI). For example; Baby drinking milk from HIV + women, men drinking breast milk spouse, etc.
The body fluids that contain no HIV virus in HIV + among others Saliva (saliva or saliva), stool (feces or stool), Tears, Air sweat and urine (urine or urine).
A person who is exposed to the HIV virus in the early onset generally do not provide the typical signs and symptoms, patients only have a fever for 3 to 6 weeks depending on the immune system when contacted by the HIV virus. Once conditions improved, people affected by the HIV virus will stay healthy in a few years and slowly decreased body kekebelan / weak to fall ill because of recurrent bouts of fever.
One way to get certainty is to undergo HIV antibody test especially if a person feels has conducted activities at risk for HIV.
The signs and symptoms seen in patients with AIDS, is as follows:
- Respiratory tract.
Patients experiencing shortness of breath, stop breathing for a moment, coughing, chest pain and fever as other viral infection (pneumonia). Not infrequently the diagnosis at an early stage of HIV disease AIDS suspected tuberculosis.
- Digestive tract.
AIDS disease patients showed signs and symptoms such as loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting. Often experiencing fungal diseases of the oral cavity and esophagus, as well as experiencing chronic diarhea.
- Body weight.
Patients experiencing what is called wasting syndrome, namely loss of body weight up to 10% below normal due to disturbances in the system of protein and energy in the body as it is known as malnutrition as well as interference absorption / absorption of food in the digestive system resulting diarhea chronicles , conditions tired and weak underpowered.
- nerve system.
The disruption of the central persyarafan resulting in less memory, headaches, difficulty concentrating, are often looked confused and slow response limbs. At the end of the persyarafan system (Peripheral) will cause pain and tingling in the hands and feet, tendon reflexes are less, always have low blood pressure, and impotence.
- Integument System Network (skin).
Patients experiencing an attack of chickenpox virus (herpes simplex) or measles fire (herpes zoster) and various skin diseases that cause pain in the skin tissue. Others are experiencing hair on the skin tissue infections (folliculities), stained dry skin (outer layer of skin cracks) as well as eczema or psoriasis.
- Urinary and reproductive tract in women.
Patients often have a fungal disease of the vagina, it is an early sign of HIV infection. Injuries to the urinary tract disease than men syphillis and then more numerous women suffering from smallpox. Other people with AIDS are women many of which become inflamed cavity (bone), pelvic known as the term ‘pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)’ and experienced an irregular menstrual period (abnormal).
HANDLING / TREATMENT
In spite of the many countries continue to conduct research in addressing HIV-AIDS, but until now no cure AIDS disease including serum or vaccine that can cure humans of HIV virus causes AIDS. The purpose of the provision of medicines in people with AIDS is to help improve the immune system, improve the quality of life for them that is known HIV virus in an effort to reduce the number of births and deaths.
We are all expected to not isolate and avoid people with HIV because they need help and support in order to continue to live without much burden and passed away to with sincerity.