Fish spa or fish bite therapy, is believed to remove dead skin cells and smooth the skin. Since this therapy is known to the public, experts have actually warned of the risk of spreading the disease.
No longer a theory or assumption, it is true experienced by a 20-year-old woman from New York. After doing fish therapy, he admitted the shape of his nails so strange.
In a case report published in the journal JAMA Dermatology, this woman’s toenails are split, where the bottom of the nail is separated from the top. Strangely, he did not feel any pain.
In his report, he admitted to not having a nail injury or a family history that has nail disorders. He reported, before nail problems arise, he had time to do fish spa.
From these conditions, doctors diagnose women experiencing onychomadesis, a condition in which the nail is separate from the nail matrix or tissue under the nail that fosters the nail.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), onychomadesis arises because of something that causes the nail to stop growing temporarily.
Ultimately, the onychomassis patient will have a rapidly broken nail.
The good news, onikomadesis is not permanent. In a report in the 2017 issue of Cutis journal, nail growth may return after 12 weeks.
Many factors can cause onychomesis, including infections, autoimmune disorders, medications, heredity, and the latest factors due to fish therapy.
During fish therapy, the feet will be immersed in a tub with water and a small freshwater fish called Garra rufa. The fish will bite the legs and eat dead skin cells.
In its natural habitat, fish from the Middle East eat plankton.
According to this case report, the popularity of fish therapy has peaked since the last decade.
Previously experts have warned, fish therapy can spread disease and infection.
The reasons vary, can be because the tub is not cleaned properly or the same fish used for different customers.
According to the CDC, it is very possible to spread the infection.
Scientific evidence in fish spa
Thanks to some research, the practice of fish spa is prohibited in the US.
In the findings of British scientists published in the journal CDC Emerging Infectious Diseases in 2012, it is known Garra rufa fish carry some potentially harmful bacteria.
Such as Vibrio vulnificus can cause skin infection and Streotococcus agalactiae which can cause infection in soft tissue.
In addition, Italian scientists have also reported cases of foot infections due to Staphylococcus aureus bacteria due to fish therapy in 2014.
In this latest case, it is not known how fish spa can cause onychomadesis. Experts suspect, it’s because the nails are traumatized because the fish bite it to make the nails stop growing. “This case highlights the importance of skin and nail problems related to fish spas and dermatological needs to educate patients about this adverse effect,” the report said as quoted by Live Science