Checks Responsiveness / reaction capability. Shake or tap the victim gently. Check whether the victim to move or make a sound. Shout, “Are you okay?”
Call 911 if there is no repon. Ask for help and send someone to call 911 or the local emergency number (ambulance). If you are alone, call and download the automated external defibrillator (Automatic External Defibrillator, AED) if available, even if you have to leave the person.
Carefully place the victim especially their back problems. If there is a possibility the victim suffered a spinal injury, two people should move the victim to prevent head and neck twisted.
Perform chest compressions.
- Place the palm of the hand (heel of hand) one hand on the breastbone – just below the nipples. Make sure the palm of the hand (heel of hand) not at the tip of the breastbone.
- Place the palms (Heel of Hand) above the first hand (as shown)
- Position your body directly over your hands
- Give 30 chest compressions. This compression should be FAST and hard endlessly. Press down about 2 inches into the chest. Each time, let the chest rise completely. Calculate compression on the fly:
“1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, finished.
listen and feel for breathing
Open the airway. Lift the chin with one hand. At the same time, press gently victim’s forehead with the other hand.
See, hear, feel the breath of children. Put your ear close to the victim’s mouth and nose. Look for chest motion. Feel the breath on your cheek.
if the victim is not breathing:
- Close the victim’s mouth tightly with your mouth
- Pinch the victim’s nose and cover
- Let the lifted chin and forehead on hold with the other hand
- Give two breaths. Each breath should take about 1 second and make the chest expands.
Continue CPR (30 chest compressions followed by 2 breaths, then repeat) until the victim is unconscious or help arrives. If the AED for adults is available, use it as soon as possible.